Ground Water Conversion
The Galveston-Houston area draws its water supplies from underground limestone and clay strata. Unlike many other Texas limestone aquifers, such as those in the San Antonio and Austin area, our areas underground supplies cannot recharge quickly. When water is pumped out of the strata all earth above is slowly compressed and lowered. When subsurface ground is lowered, a process known as subsidence, it changes the way that rainwater at the surface collects and flows.
At the surface, where higher ground naturally sheds water to lower ground and then into natural water channels, the newly lowering ground now collects water and forms new paths that water takes in response to gravity.
Problems with Continued Underground Water Use
In a coastal area of relatively flat land running to the seashore, subsidence forms large areas that are more prone to flooding and holding water. Refer to the Harris-Galveston Coastal Subsidence District and the West Harris County Regional Water Authority for more information on this topic.
This natural phenomenon has been occurring over time since the first wells were sunk by early settlers to our area. As more water is pumped to the surface by all users sharing the same resources, areas within the aquifer unevenly begin to sink.
Development for houses, industries and businesses encourages more pavement for sidewalks roads and parking lots. As this surface was covered and no longer available to absorb water to layers below, rainwater runoff increased in velocity and force towards natural water channels. With a less absorbent surface, natural channels filled quickly and often overflowed.
Finally, the problem of supplying additional water for an increasing population grows with the number of people and industries that require water.
Mandatory Conversion Plan
Early pioneers to the Galveston-Houston area had abundant well opportunities and did not immediately need reservoirs. They busied themselves draining and controlling coastal plains for agriculture.
Studies of water use and subsidence have been underway since the early 1940’s. One potential solution to the growing problem is to create man-made surface reservoirs. This solution has been extensively practiced in north Texas. There are only a few natural lakes in the state. Most were created as surface water reservoirs.
By the 1960’s subsidence in the ship channel area could not be ignored. Later, it was shown that neighborhoods in northwest, farther from the coastline, were also subsiding.
In 1999, the State of Texas took action with legislation that required a migration by 2010 from ground water sources to surface water. The plan recommended reservoirs, rivers and streams as new water sources. In our area the City of Houston has authority over Lake Houston, the San Jacinto River and Lake Livingston, the 3 current sources of surface water.
To help accomplish the changeover, new water authorities were formed to aggregate water utility districts to better work with the City of Houston toward achieving surface water goals.
Board of Directors Elections
The next directors election is scheduled for Saturday, May 2, 2020. The District anticipates contracting with Harris County to conduct the election and to use the regular County polling places for the election.
Applications for a place on the ballot may be filed from January 15, 2020, to 5:00 p.m. local time on February 14, 2020. For information about the requirements for filing for candidacy for a position on the Board, please visit the Texas Secretary of State’s candidate website, at https://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/index.shtml.
Elecciones de la Junta Directiva
La próxima elección de directores está programada para el sábado 2 de mayo de 2020; El Distrito anticipa celebrar un contrato con el Condado de Harris para la conducción de la elección y para utilizar los lugares de votación regulares del Condado para la elección.
Las solicitudes para un lugar en la boleta de votación pueden presentarse desde el 15 de enero de 2020 hasta las 5:00 p.m. hora local del 14 de febrero de 2020. Para obtener información acerca de los requisitos para presentar la candidatura para una posición en la Junta, sírvase visitar ele sitio web del candidato del Secretario de Estado de Texas en https://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/index.shtml.
Caùc Cuoäc Baàu Cöû Ban Giaùm Ñoác
Cuoäc baàu cöû caùc giaùm ñoác tieáp theo döï kieán ñöôïc toå chöùc vaøo thöù Baûy, 2 thaùng Naêm, 2020. Cô Quan tham gia hôïp ñoàng vôùi Quaän Harris ñeå tieán haønh cuoäc baàu cöû vaø ñeå söû duïng caùc ñòa ñieåm boû phieáu thöôøng leä cuûa Quaän cho cuoäc baàu cöû.
Thôøi gian noäp ñôn xin ghi teân treân laù phieáu laø töø ngaøy 15 thaùng Moät, 2020 ñeán 5 giôø chieàu giôø ñòa phöông ngaøy 14 thaùng Hai, 2020. Ñeå bieát theâm thoâng tin veà caùc yeâu caàu noäp ñôn tranh cöû cho moät ví trí cuûa Ban, vui loøng gheù thaêm website öùng cöû vieân cuûa Toång Tröôûng Tieåu Bang Texas taïi https://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/index.shtml.